NVGate EVHV

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Introduction and Overview

Objectives

The objective of the EVHV module is to characterize the electromagnetic forces which are responsible for the noise emission of an electric motor. In particular, it will be achieved through 2 main steps:

  • eFrequencies determination and displays: They represent the characteristic frequencies that one may expect to find in the spectra. They are based on the specificities of the motor and depend on the RPM. For this reason, they are defined as harmonics.
  • Spatiograms analysis and displays: Spatiograms are calculated based on measurements of accelerometers data distributed around the surface of the motor stator as shown in the picture below.
EVHV 01.gif

Sensors positioned for Spatiograms analysis

Each spatiogram is representative of a spatial distribution of the Electromagnetic forces. The sum of the participation of each spatiogram leads to the global vibration response. Determining the spatiogram responsible for the vibration harmonic that should be decreased is one of the major objectives of the EVHV module.

EVHV 02.png

Separation of the response in a sum of participating wavenumbers

"Getting Started" Tutorial

The following tutorial is based on a provided project called "EVHV App Z12p2". To follow the steps below, one should first place this project in the NVGate projects directory. When starting NVGate the following window will display. One should open a project and select "EVHV App Z12p2". This chapter is meant to provide a first global approach in order to go through the main steps.

Open the Project and Load Setup

EVHV 03.gif

Open project

EVHV 04.gif

Load Setup, last saved in project

The setup contains 2 layouts: Spectra and Spatio

EVHV 05.png

Display layout 1 called Spectra

Checking the eFrequencies

EVHV 06.png

EV/HV ribbon

eMachine should be clicked to access to the following dialog. At this stage, one can select the main characteristics of the eMotor.

EVHV 07.gif

Machine definition

When the machine is configured, one can press Save. The user goes automatically to the following dialog which is the "eMarkers" one.

EVHV 08.png

eMarkers table

When pressing "Apply" the eMarkers will be displayed on the graphs of the current layout.

EVHV 09.png

Spectra with the eMarkers

The eMarkers dialog should be closed by clicking on the cross on the top right hand-side.

Change the Layout to reach layout2 (called Spatio): Changing the layout can be achieved by clicking on EVHV 10.png which is located in the "Measurement" tab. A keyboard shortcut also exists: [CTRL+SPACE].

Displaying Spatiograms

EVHV 11.png

Icons linked to the display of the spatiograms

By opening the EVHV 12.png

Sensor Positions editor, one can check the positions that were saved in the setup.
EVHV 13.png

The next step is to select a measurement. In the provided project and its contained measurement, spatiograms are already calculated. One should press the icon "select measurement" as shown below. In the dialog that follows, one should type in the filtering area. For example: "Z12". This will allow you to easily find the appropriate measurement.

EVHV 14.png

Selecting a measurement

If a spatiogram has not already been calculated, at this point, spatiograms for all wavenumbers will be loaded and displayed as you can see in our below example. Please note that there will be one spatiogram per wavenumber.

EVHV 15.png

Loading the Spatiograms

Following that action, the spatiograms are automatically scaled and displayed as follows.

EVHV 16.png

Spatiograms displays

  • The spatiograms are displayed here using the 3*3 configuration.
  • The left top window is a reference spectrogram, the others are spatiograms
  • The spatiograms are automatically scaled by using the default "scale on max display option". It takes the Max of all results and set it as the maximum value of the scale.
  • We want now to find the participating wavenumbers to the specific harmonic of interest. As an example, we want to know what the participating wavenumbers to H12 are (Index 3). We see that the wavenumber 0 is clearly the highest contributor to H12.
  • Applying the eMarkers, confirms that emarker3 is placed on the spatiogram.
EVHV 17.png

Applying eMarkers to the Spatiograms

When using the displays:

  • The windows configuration can be changed using EVHV 18.gif
  • The scaling can be updated using the Scale on Max EVHV 19.pngor the scale on displayed EVHV 20.png
  • The reference spectrogram (after selecting it) can be changed by using EVHV 21.gif
  • The wavenumber for each spatiogram can be changed by using EVHV 22.png

eFrequencies: from eMachine Setup to eMarkers Display

There are 2 main steps in the determination of the eFrequencies: the machine description achieved through the eMachine tab EVHV 23.gif and the eMarkers tab EVHV 24.png where the eFrequencies are calculated.

eMachine

By clicking on EVHV 25.gif, one displays the following dialog. Two main types of machines are configurable: PMSM machines and SCIM machines.

EVHV 26.png

One can keep this configuration in the workbook of the project by pressing SAVE. After pressing SAVE, the eMarkers tab opens automatically.

One can load an eMachine by pressing LOAD. When opening a project with its associated workbook, the eMachine saved in the workbook of that project will be automatically loaded.

The configuration parameters depend on the type of machine and they can be seen in the above example.

eMarkers

The eMarkers associated to the eMachine can be displayed by clicking on the following icon EVHV 27.png From the table one can apply the eMarkers to the relevant graphs (spectra, spectrograms, spatiograms).

EVHV 28.png

One can choose to whether or not to have them displayed by activating/inactivating the VIEW checkbox.

When displaying eMarkers for a SCIM machine, one should setup the SLIP as well (between 0 and 1).

The tool tip of each eMarker will provide more detail about the eMarker. To see it, the eFrequencies editor needs to be active and one needs to hold the mouse for one second over the harmonic.

One should read the table using the following notations:

  • H: Harmonics of the rotating speed
  • f: frequency
  • fs: electric stator frequency
  • r: wavenumbers

Spatiograms: from Acquisition to Display

Spatiograms allow us to evaluate the contribution of each wavenumber to the vibration response. This is done by comparing all the spatiograms to one reference spectrogram. Spatiograms are calculated offline based on instant spectra waterfalls using the motor RPMs or time as the z axis reference. If the spatiograms are not contained in the project, they are automatically calculated when selecting the measurement.

In the spatiograms ribbon area the following actions can be achieved:

EVHV 29.png
Sensors positions Allows to specify the positions of the accelerometers used to measure and calculate the spatiograms.
EVHV 30.png
Select inputs Allows access to the inputs configuration. This is used to setup the instrument to acquire the data required to calculate the spatiograms.
EVHV 31.png
Load Allows you to load a measurement setup. One can, for example, reload a measurement setup which was used for a previous measurement.
EVHV 32.png
Post analyze Allows you to post analyze a signal that was recorded.
EVHV 33.gif
Select measurement Allows you to select the measurement containing the results. If the measurement already contains the spatiograms, they will be displayed. Otherwise they will be recalculated.
EVHV 34.gif
Scale on Max Allows you to rescale all spatiograms with the same Max scale. This max scale is the Max value contained in all spatiograms. This icon is available when a spatiogram is active. It is greyed when a reference spectrogram is active.
EVHV 35.gif
Scale on Displayed Allows you to rescale all spatiograms with the same Max scale. This max scale is the Max value contained in all the displayed spatiograms. This icon is available when a spatiogram is active. It is greyed when a reference spectrogram is active.
EVHV 36.png
Windows configuration Allows you to choose the windows configurations. It also allows you to refresh the display.
EVHV 37.png
Reference spectrogram selection Allows you to select the reference spectrogram to be displayed. The associated node is also shown as "Ref: [input label]: node number". This icon is only active when the spectrogram window is active.
EVHV 38.png
Spatiogram selection Allows you to select the spatiogram to be displayed by selecting its associated wavenumber. This icon is only active when the spectrogram window is active.

Sensors Positions

To allow the spatiograms to display the sensors, positions need to be defined. This is achieved through the "Sensors Positions Editor" EVHV 39.png as displayed below.

EVHV 40.png

The node defined in this window needs to be the same ones as the ones used in the input's configuration.

The sensors position setup can be saved in the project workbook using the SAVE button. It can be reloaded using the LOAD button. When loading the project, its associated setup is loaded as well.

Displaying Spatiograms

Spatiograms are displayed by first selecting the measurement using EVHV 41.gifand selecting the desired wavenumbers using EVHV 42.png. Spatiograms are all displayed with a blue background to distinguish them specifically from the Spectrograms.

There is a shortcut that allows you to easily change wavenumbers. One should select the spatiogram that is to be modified and use [CTRL]+ [up and down arrows].

In order to fully use the content of the Spatiograms, one should apply the markers on the spatiograms and open the section using the left bottom cross. If the spatiogram contains eMarkers, the bottom left section will show the profiles of the eMarkers.

EVHV 43.png

Showing all eMarkers contained in Spatiogram 0

EVHV 44.png

Selecting all active eMarkers contained in Spatiogram 0

The order section cursor is also active and can be used to compare the eMarkers section to other order sections.

One can grab the cursor in each of the sections to position it at the right frequency or right RPM (or time).
The spatiograms will follow the preferences setup for the colormaps (dB by default). It can also be displayed as a 3D graph if desired [Lin by default]. As described earlier, and as the EVHV module is integrated in NVGate, it will benefit of all NVGate standard functions. For more details the NVGate user's manual should be consulted.
EVHV 45.png

Order profile cursor

Links

The links group allows you to add any additional dedicated module which would be optionally written as a macro or an external program. It should be placed in the LINKS directory of NVGate. If this is done, it will appear in the list.

  • Selection of an external application or macro to be started
  • Execute the application

Help

The help section allows you to access 2 main features:

EVHV 46.png

This icon allows you to start the EVHV module user's manual

EVHV 47.png

This icon allows you to display the "About …" information

The EVHV module has been developed thanks to a cooperation between OROS and EOMYS who is specialist in Electromagnetic Noise and Vibration. Credits to EOMYS are given in this About dialog.

EVHV 48.gif

The About section